A week in history

On this week in history (16th to 22nd July inclusive) as follows;

  • 1545 – King Henry VIII’s battleship the Mary Rose sinks in the Solent with the loss of 700 lives
  • 1588 – The Spanish Armada sets sail for England from Corunna
  • 1799 – A stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics is found at Rosetta near Alexandria in Egypt
  • 1877 – Thomas Edison records the human voice for the first time
  • 1841 – The first issue of a weekly newspaper called Punch was published in London
  • 1918 – Tsar Nicholas II and his family were murdered in the cellar of their house in Ekaterinberg by the Bolsheviks
  • 1925 – Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf which he wrote during a period of imprisonment
  • 1945 – The first atomic bomb is exploded on the White Sands missile range in New Mexico
  • 1953 – A new world air speed record is set at 716 mph by an F86 Sabre fighter
  • 1954 – The Geneva Agreement brings about a cessation of hostilities between North and South Vietnam
  • 1968 – The Beatles cartoon film Yellow Submarine is premiered at the London Pavilion
  • 1976 – The American spacecraft Viking lands on Mars and starts sending back television pictures
  • 1982 – An IRA bomb explodes outside the Horse Guards barracks in London killing 2 guardsmen and 7 horses
  • 1994 – Tony Blair is elected leader of the Labour party in Britain
  • 2001 – Novelist and former Conservative deputy Chairman Lord Archer is sentenced to 4 years in prison for perjury

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1816 – Baron Paul Julius von Reuter, German-born founder of the Reuter’s telegraph office which supplied newspapers with international news
  • 1834 – Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter and sculptor
  • 1860 – Lizzie Borden, American Sunday school teacher who was falsely accused of murdering her father and step mother with an axe
  • 1889 – Sir John Reith, Scottish engineer who became Director General of the BBC and who laid down many of the standards that still govern it today
  • 1899 – Ernest Hemingway, American novelist and short story writer
  • 1911 – Ginger Rogers, American actress and dancer who partnered Fred Astaire in 10 musical films
  • 1919 – Sir Edmund Hilary, New Zealand mountaineer and explorer who, along with Sherpa Tenzing, was the first to reach the summit of Everest
  • 1921 – John Glenn, American astronaut
  • 1934 – Jonathan Miller, British doctor, opera and theatre director and documentary maker
  • 1937 – George Hamilton IV, American country and western singer
  • 1939 – Dianna Rigg, British television and film actress
  • 1940 – Terrence Stamp, British film and stage actor
  • 1946 – Ilie Nastasie, Romanian tennis player noted for his erratic behaviour on court
  • 1948 – Wayne Sleep, British ballet dancer and actor
  • 1950 – Richard Branson, British entrepreneur, founder and Managing Director of the Virgin Group