A week in history

On this week in history (2nd to 8th July inclusive) as follows;

  • 1644 – In the English Civil War, the Battle of Marston Moor turns the tide in Oliver Cromwell’s favour
  • 1817 – The first gold sovereigns are issued in Britain
  • 1829 – The first horse-drawn buses go into service in London
  • 1848 – The Communist Manifesto is published
  • 1863 – In the American Civil War, the Confederate army is routed by the Union army at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1865 – a 2mph speed limit is imposed in Britain covering steam-driven and petrol vehicles
  • 1898 – Captain Joshua Slocum sails into Newport Rhode Island to become the first solo round the world sailor
  • 1928 – The first commercial television set goes on sale in the US priced at $75
  • 1954 – All goods finally come off ration in the UK as post-war shortages are ended
  • 1964 – President Johnson signs the US Civil Rights Bill which prohibits racial discrimination
  • 1969 – Rolling Sone Brian Jones is found drowned in a swimming pool
  • 1971 – Jim Morrison, lead singer of The Doors, dies of a heart attack in Paris
  • 1986 – New York’s Statue of Liberty gets a centenary facelift
  • 1989 – Colonel Oliver North is fined $150,000 for the role he played in the Iran-Contra affair
  • 1990 – One billion television viewers watch West Germany defeat Argentina to win the world cup

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1489 – Thomas Cranmer, English cleric who was consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury for his support of Henry VIII
  • 1728 – Robert Adam, Scottish architect and design
  • 1810 – Phineas Barnum, American showman
  • 1838 – Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German aircraft manufacturer
  • 1839 – John D Rockefeller, American multi-millionaire and founder of the Standard Oil Company
  • 1845 – Thomas Barnado, Irish philanthropist who founded homes for destitute children
  • 1853 – Cecil Rhodes, English-born colonist, financier and statesman in Southern Africa
  • 1885 – Louis B Meyer, Russian-born Hollywood mogul and co-founder of the MGM studios
  • 1925 – Bill Haley, American musician whose ‘Rock Around the Clock’ was the first hit rock ‘n’ roll record
  • 1927 – Ken Russell, British film director noted for his idiosyncratic and controversial style
  • 1935 – Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader
  • 1937 – Tom Stoppard, Czech-born playwright
  • 1940 – Ringo Starr, drummer with the pop group The Beatles
  • 1946 – Sylvester Stallone, American film actor
  • 1962 – Tom Cruise, American film actor