A week in history

On this week in history (25th June to 1st July inclusive) as follows;

  • 1788 – Virginia becomes the 10th US State
  • 1797 – Admiral Nelson is wounded in the arm in battle and the limb is amputated
  • 1801 – The first census is carried out in Britain
  • 1855 – The Daily Telegraph is first published in Britain
  • 1857 – The new military honour, The Victoria Cross, is awarded by Queen Victoria to 62 servicemen at a ceremony in Hyde Park, London
  • 1913 – Emily Dawson becomes the first female magistrate in London
  • 1925 – The first car telephone is exhibited in Germany
  • 1937 – The 999 emergency telephone call comes into force in Britain, the first of its kind in the world
  • 1939 – Pan-American Airlines operates the first scheduled transatlantic air service, a 19 seater flying boat
  • 1950 – The novice US football team beats Britain 1-0 in the first round of the world cup in Brazil
  • 1954 – The first nuclear power station is opened at Obninsk in the Soviet Union
  • 1956 – American playwright Arthur Miller marries Marilyn Monroe
  • 1967 – The Beatles record ‘All You Need Is Love’ in front of an international television audience on the first live global link
  • 1990 – The IRA bomb the Carlton Club in Lond0n, a popular haunt of Conservative MP’s
  • 1997 – The first novel by J K Rowling, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone is published

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1491 – Henry VIII, English monarch famed for his 6 wives and his rebellion against the Roman Catholic church
  • 1685 – John Gay, English poet and playwright
  • 1712 – Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher and writer
  • 1804 – George Sand – French novelist best remembered for her romance with the composer Frederic Chopin
  • 1880 – Helen Keller, American blind, deaf and mute teacher, social worker and writer
  • 1898 – Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer best known for his WWII planes
  • 1899 – Charles Laughton, English stage and screen actor
  • 1901 – Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor famed for his partnership with Jeanette McDonald in film operettas
  • 1903 – George Orwell, British novelist whose books include @Animal Farm’ and ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’
  • 1914 – Laurie Lee, British poet and author of the autobiography ‘Cider with Rosie’
  • 1926 – Mel Brooks, American producer, director and writer
  • 1945 – Carly Simon, American singer and songwriter
  • 1961 – Carl Lewis, American Olympic athlete who won 4 gold medals at the Los Angeles games in 1984
  • 1963 – George Michael, British pop musician who was one half of the group Wham before going on to a successful solo career
  • 1966 – Mike Tyson, American world heavyweight boxing champion