A week in history

On this week in history (18th to 24th June inclusive) as follows;

  • 1583 – The first life insurance policy is issued in London
  • 1675 – The construction of Sir Christopher Wren’s St Paul’s Cathedral in London begins
  • 1814 – The Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire play the first match at Lord’s Cricket Ground
  • 1837 – Eighteen year old Victoria accedes to the English throne on the death of her uncle, William IV
  • 1887 – Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee is celebrated all over Britain and the Empire
  • 1908 – A suffragette demonstration in London attracts 20,000 supporters
  • 1919 – The 27 vessels of the German fleet interned at Scapa Flow in the Orkneys are scuttled by their crews
  • 1953 – Jacqueline Bouvier announces her engagement to US Senator John F Kennedy
  • 1963 – In Britain, the contraceptive pill is made available to women free under the NHS
  • 1967 – The Monterey Pop Festival draws thousands of fans to hear stars such as Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, The Who and The Grateful Dead
  • 1975 – The first North Sea oil arrives on shore in Britain
  • 1977 – Sex Pistol Johnny Rotten is attacked with razors at a north London pub
  • 1989 – The captain of the cross channel ferry Herald of Free Enterprise is charged with manslaughter
  • 1990 – Nelson Mandela gets a ticker tape welcome in New York
  • 1991 – The International Monetary Fund agrees to offer associate membership to the Soviet Union

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1763 – Empress Josephine, Martinique-born wife of Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1850 – Horatio Herbert, Earl Kitchener, British secretary of state for war in 1914
  • 1895 – Jack Dempsey, American heavyweight boxing champion
  • 1905 – Jean-Paul Satre, French philosopher, novelist and dramatist
  • 1906 – Catherine Cookson, immensely prolific and popular British novelist
  • 1909 – Errol Flynn, Tasmanian actor who specialised in swashbuckling, heroic roles
  • 1911 – Juan Fangio, Argentinian racing driver
  • 1915 – Professor Fred Hoyle, British astronomer and science fiction writer
  • 1916 – Sir Len Hutton, British cricketer who made 364 runs against the Australians in 1938, the highest ever by an English batsman
  • 1936 – Kris Kristofferson, American singer, songwriter and actor
  • 1942 – Sir Paul McCartney, founder member of The Beatles and major British pop musician
  • 1947 – Salman Rushdie, British novelist whose book The Satanic Verses led to a death sentence on him from the Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1949 – Meryl Streep, American Oscar winning film actress
  • 1949 – Lionel Richie, American singer and songwriter
  • 1967 – Nicole Kidman, Australian Oscar winning film actress