A week in history

On this week in history (11th to 17th June inclusive) as follows;

  • 1381 – English poll tax protester Wat Tyler is executed at Smithfield
  • 1458 – Magdalene College in Oxford is founded
  • 1579 – Francis Drake drops the Golden Hind’s anchor off the south-west coast of America and names the area New Albion
  • 1809 – Pope Pius VII excommunicates Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1839 – A regatta is held for the first time at Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire
  • 1842 – Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to travel by train when she takes a trip from Slough to Paddington
  • 1844 – In the US, Charles Goodyear patents vulcanised rubber
  • 1917 – German planes bomb London for the first time
  • 1950 – The first kidney transplant is carried out in Chicago
  • 1956 – Real Madrid win the first European Cup in Paris, beating Stade de Reims 4-3
  • 1958 – Yellow lines marking no-parking zones appear on British roads
  • 1964 – Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment
  • 1965 – The Beatles are each awarded an MBE in the Queen’s Birthday Honours list
  • 1989 – Mikhail Gorbachev and Chancellor Kohl agree that Eats and West Germany should be reunited
  • 1997 – The Globe Theatre opens its doors on the South Bank, London

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1239 – Edward I, English monarch who encouraged parliamentary institutions
  • 1703 – John Wesley, English religious leader and founder of Methodism
  • 1776 – John Constable, one of the greatest of British landscape artists
  • 1811 – Harriet Beecher Stowe, American novelist who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin to draw attention to the plight of the slaves
  • 1890 – Stan Laurel, English-born comedian and film star, famed for his partnership with Oliver Hardy
  • 1919 – Sam Wanamaker, American film actor and director
  • 1924 – George Bush, American Republican politician and president
  • 1927 – Tom Graveney, English cricketer, considered to be one of the 10 best ever cricketers
  • 1928 – Che Guevara, Argentinian-born revolutionary who fought with Fidel Castro’s forces
  • 1929 – Anne Frank, Dutch Jewish schoolgirl who, in hiding from the Nazis, wrote her famous diary
  • 1936 – Ken Loach, British film director
  • 1946 – Barry Manilow, American singer and song-writer
  • 1949 – Simon Callow, British stage and screen actor
  • 1964 – Courtney Cox, American actress who starred I the long-running TV series Friends
  • 1969 – Steffi Graf, German tennis champion