A week in history

On this week in history (23rd to 29th April inclusive) as follows;

• 1660 – The English parliament votes for the restoration of the monarchy
• 1661 – Charles II is crowned King of England
• 1770 – Captain Cook lands at Botany Bay on his ship Endeavour
• 1859 – The building of the Suez Canal begins
• 1860 – Explorer John Stuart reaches the centre of Australia
• 1923 – The Duke of York marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon at Westminster Abbey
• 1930 – A telephone link is established between Britain and Australia
• 1949 – The rationing of sweets in post war Britain comes to an end but is reintroduced 4 months later due to unsustainable demand
• 1962 – In the biggest ever ‘Ban the Bomb’ demonstration, 150,000 people rally in London’s Hyde Park
• 1950 – The British government officially recognises the state of Israel
• 1968 – The first decimal coins appear in Britain in preparation for decimalisation in 1971
• 1987 – The musical Cabaret is performed in London without music when the orchestra goes on strike
• 1990 – The Hubble space telescope is launched from the space shuttle Discovery
• 1993 – The IRA bombs the City of London for the second year in a row
• 2009 – The Mexican government confirms the outbreak of swine flu in humans

And some notable birthdays include;

• 1442 – James IV, English monarch and Yorkist leader during the Wars of the Roses
• 1559 – Oliver Cromwell, English soldier and statesman and Lord Protector of England 1653-8
• 1769 – Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, English soldier and later Prime Minister known as The Iron Duke
• 1791 – Samuel Morse, American inventor of the magnetic telegraph and the Morse Code
• 1874 – Guglielmo Marconi, Italian electrical engineer famed for his work on the transmission and reception of radio waves
• 1878 – Lionel Barrymore, American film actor
• 1895 – Sir Malcolm Sargent, English chief conductor of the Sir Henry Wood Promenade Concerts
• 1900 – Charles Richter, Seismologist who created the scale to quantify earthquakes
• 1904 – Cecil Day-Lewis, Irish-born novelist and poet laureate
• 1918 – Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz singer
• 1924 – Kenneth Kaunda, Zambian president who was imprisoned in 1958 for founding the African National Congress (ANC)
• 1936 – Roy Orbison, American singer and songwriter
• 1938 – Duane Eddy, American pop guitarist
• 1939 – Al Pacino, American film actor
• 1942 – Barbra Streisand, American film actress and singer