On this week in history

On this week in history (26th to 1st Arpil inclusive) as follows;

  • 1780 – Britain’s first Sunday newspaper, the British Gazette and Sunday monitor, is launched
  • 1794 – The US Navy is established
  • 1842 – Ether is used as an anaesthetic for the first time by American surgeon Dr Crawford Long
  • 1871 – British monarch Queen Victoria opens the Royal albert Hall in London
  • 1878 – The world’s first game reserve is designated, the Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa
  • 1910 – The first seaplane takes off near Marseilles in France
  • 1913 – New York’s Ellis Island receives a record 6,745 immigrants in one day
  • 1914 – Medical history is made in a Brussels hospital where the first successful blood transfusion is performed
  • 1920 – British ‘Black and Tans’ soldiers arrive in Ireland to fight the IRA
  • 1964 – Britain’s Great Train Robbers are sentenced to a total of 307 years imprisonment after being found guilty of stealing more than £2.6m from mail bags
  • 1973 – The first woman stockbroker sets foot on the floor of the London Stock Exchange
  • 1973 – US troops pull out of South Vietnam
  • 1979 – The government of British premier James Callaghan falls over the Home Rule for Ireland question
  • 1985 – The British Coal Board announces a record annual loss of £2,225m
  • 2000 – Vladimir Putin replaces Boris Yeltzin as President of Russia
  • And some notable birthdays include;
  • 1578 – William Harvey, British physician and anatomist who discovered the circulation of the blood
  • 1811 – Robert Bunsen, German physicist and chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner
  • 1863 – Sir Henry Royce, British engineer and co-founder with C S Rolls of the Rolls-Royce motor company
  • 1873 – Sergei Rachmaninov, Russian composer
  • 1891 – Chico (Leonard) Marx, American film comedian and member of the famous Marx Brothers family of comic actors
  • 1914 – Tennessee Williams, American playwright, screen writer and novelist
  • 1921 – Dirk Bogarde, British film actor and writer
  • 1931 – Leonard Nimoy, American actor who played Mr Spock in the cult TV series ‘Star Trek’
  • 1938 – Ali McGraw, American film actress
  • 1939 – Rudolph Isley, American pop singer and founder member of The Isley Bothers
  • 1943 – John Major, former Conservative Prime Minister
  • 1944 – Diana Ross, American singer and former member of the group The Supremes
  • 1948 – Al Gore, US Vice-President under Bill Clinton
  • 1963 – Quentin Tarantino, American film director known for his distinctive and often violent films
  • 1985 – Keira Knightley, English film actress