On this week in history

On this week in history (22nd to 28th January inclusive) as follows;

  • 1832 – The state of Virginia rejects the abolition of slavery
  • 1879 – Zulus massacre British forces at Isandlwana
  • 1908 – A 7000 mile telegraph from London to India is introduced
  • 1916 – Conscription is introduced in Britain
  • 1917 – The USA buys the Virgin Islands from Holland for a sum of $25m
  • 1923 – Former German army corporal Adolf Hitler holds the first congress of the National Socialist Party in Munich
  • 1924 – Ramsay MacDonald becomes Britain’s first Labour Prime Minister
  • 1926 – The British Surgeon-General links cigarette smoking with cancer
  • 1938 – The  aurora borealis (northern lights) are seen as far south as Western Europe
  • 1941 – The British capture Tobruk from German forces
  • 1950 – India becomes a democratic republic within the Commonwealth
  • 1972 – The United Kingdom, Denmark and the Irish Republic join the EEC
  • 1973 – US action in Vietnam comes to an end as the ceasefire is signed
  • 1981 – Roy Jenkins, Dr David Owen, Shirley Williams and Bill Rodgers break away from the British Labour Party to form the Social Democrats
  • 2004 – The Mars Express orbiter detects evidence of frozen water molecules at Mar’s south pole

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1759 – Robert Burns, Scottish poet who wrote many poems in dialect
  • 1841 – Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh explorer and journalist who went on an expedition to Africa to find the missing Dr Livingstone
  • 1859 – Kaiser William II, third German Emperor and grandson of Queen Victoria
  • 1880 – Douglas MacArthur, American general and Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in the Pacific during WWII
  • 1882 – Virginia Woolf, British novelist, critic and leading member of the Bloomsbury Group
  • 1908 – Stephane Grappelli, French jazz violinist
  • 1912 – Jackson Pollock, American Abstract-Expressionist painter
  • 1919 – Bob Paisley, British footballer who went on to become the trainer and then manager of Liverpool
  • 1928 – Eartha Kitt, American singer and actress
  • 1928 – Desmond Morris, British zoologist and author of The Naked Ape
  • 1936 – Alan Alda, American actor, screenwriter and director
  • 1937 – John Ogden, British pianist
  • 1940 – John Hurt, British actor who starred in the film The Elephant Man
  • 1941 – Neil Diamond, American singer and songwriter
  • 1955 – Nicolas Sarkozy, former French President