Week in history

On this week in history (20th to 26th November) as follows;

  • 1783 – A balloon built by the Montgolfier brothers made the first untethered flight in history
  • 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes his book ‘Origin of the Species’
  • 1906 – In Glasgow a man dies when 200,000 gallons of hot whiskey bursts out of vats
  • 1907 – The Cunard liner Mauretania arrives in New York, completing her maiden voyage
  • 1918 – 100 women police officers go on patrol in the streets of London
  • 1921 – In the US, President Harding bans doctors from prescribing beer
  • 1925 – In Britain, Queen Alexandra dies at Sandringham after a heart attack
  • 1925 – In Italy a law is passed banning the Freemasons and other secret societies
  • 1928 – The first twins to be born by Caesarean section are delivered in Manchester
  • 1929 – Salvador Dali holds his first one man show in Paris
  • 1956 – Petrol is rationed in Britain and driving tests suspended in response to the Suez crisis which threatened oil supplies
  • 1979 – Sir Anthony Blunt is stripped of his knighthood after admitting spying for Russia
  • 1985 – American company Microsoft releases Windows 1.0, with the intention of creating multi-tasking user interface for PCs
  • 1989 – The All Blacks victory over the Barbarians at Twickenham gives them an unbroken run of 46 victorious rugby matches
  • 2005 – Angela Merkel is elected Germany’s first female chancellor

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1815 – Grace Darling, English lighthouse keeper’s daughter who became a heroine when she rowed out to rescue survivors from the wreck Forfarshire
  • 1835 – Andrew Carnegie, Scottish born American industrialist and philanthropist
  • 1844 – Karl Friedrich Benz, German engineer and car manufacturer
  • 1859 – William Bonney, known as Billy the Kid, American outlaw of the old west
  • 1864 – Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French artist stunted by a childhood accident
  • 1868 – Scott Joplin, American ragtime pianist and composer
  • 1887 – Boris Karloff, English actor who specialised in horror roles
  • 1914 – Joe Di Maggio, American baseball star who married Marilyn Monroe
  • 1922 – Charles Schultz, American cartoonist who created the highly successful ‘Peanuts’ strip
  • 1925 – Robert F Kennedy, American politician and Democratic Attorney-General and brother of John F Kennedy
  • 1939 – Tina Turner, American singer and film actress
  • 1942 – Billy Connolly, Scottish comedian and actor
  • 1943 – Billie Jean King, American tennis player who won 20 Wimbledon titles
  • 1945 – Goldie Hawn, American film actress
  • 1967 – Boris Becker, German tennis star who won the men’s singles title at Wimbledon at the age of 17