A week in history

On this week in history  (13th to  19th November inclusive) as follows;

  • 1851 – A telegraphic service between London and Paris comes into operation
  • 1896 – A new highways act means it is no longer necessary for a man with a red flag to walk ahead of motor vehicles
  • 1901 – An electrical hearing aid is patented by Miller Reese of New York
  • 1914 – A patent was taken out on an item of female underwear to be known as the ‘backless brassiere’
  • 1922 – The first scheduled broadcast is made from Marconi House in London’s Strand
  • 1925 – The British parliament votes for a 4 month prison sentence for drunken driving
  • 1926 – In Italy, Mario de Bernadi sets a world seaplane speed record of 246mph
  • 1940 – Coventry is blitzed by the German Luftwaffe in one of the most destructive raids of the war
  • 1940 – Marshal Petain takes over the French government and asks Hitler for an armistice
  • 1941 – An Italian submarine sinks HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar
  • 1956 – Elvis Presley’s first film, Love Me Tender, is premiered in New York
  • 1965 – Craig Breedlove of the USA sets a world land speed record of 613mph in his jet engine car Spirit of America
  • 2004 – The Civil Partnership Bill, enabling registered unions for same-sex couples, receives royal ascent in the UK
  • 2010 – Prince William and Catherine Middleton announce their engagement 8 years after meeting at University
  • 2010 – Scientists at the CERN Large Hadron Collider near Geneva trap anti-matter for the first time in human history

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1600 – Charles I, English monarch who lost his head after the Civil War
  • 1708 – William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham, English statesman known as the Great Commoner
  • 1755 – Louis XVIII, French monarch and the first to take the throne after the fall of Napoleon
  • 1840 – Claude Monet, French painter and one of the pioneers of Impressionism
  • 1850 – Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author of such classic tales as Treasure Island and Kidnapped
  • 1887 – Bernard Law, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, English Field Marshal who defeated Rommel in North Africa
  • 1891 – Erwin Rommel, German general commander of the Afrika Corps in North Africa during WWII
  • 1906 – Sir Alec Issigonis, Turkish born British car designer who created the classic Mini
  • 1908 – Joseph McCarthy, American senator who led the Senate inquiry into alleged communists in the 1950’s
  • 1917 – Indira Ghandi, Indian politician and prime minister
  • 1925 – Rock Hudson, American film and television star
  • 1942 – Calvin Klein, American fashion designer
  • 1942 – Martin Scorsese, American film director
  • 1961 – Frank Bruno, British world champion boxer
  • 1962 – Jodie Foster, American film actress