Week in history

On this week in history (30th October to 5th November inclusive) as follows;

  • 1485 – King Henry VII establishes the Yeoman of the Guard
  • 1517 – Martin Luther nails his 95 theses against the corruption of the papacy in Rome to the church door in Wittenberg
  • 1836 – Nevada becomes the 36th state of the union
  • 1888 – A Scottish veterinary surgeon, John Boyd Dunlop, patents his pneumatic tyre
  • 1895 – The first motoring organisation, The American Motor League, is founded
  • 1922 – The first radio licences go on sale in Britain  at a cost of 10 shillings (£0.50p)
  • 1938 – Orson Welles panicked millions of Americans with his gripping radio dramatization of H G Wells Aar of the Worlds, people genuinely thought the Martians had landed
  • 1958 – The first internal heart pacemaker is implanted by Dr Ake Senning in Stockholm
  • 1963 – Archaeologists in America discover evidence of the Vikings dated some 500 years before Columbus
  • 1967 – Rolling Stone magazine makes its debut, it is the first national rock ‘n’ roll periodical in the US
  • 1971 – An IRA bomb explodes at the top of London’s Post Office Tower
  • 1974 – Muhammed Ali knocks out George Foreman in the 8th round to regain his world heavyweight title
  • 1988 – Batman’s faithful sidekick Robin is no more. He is dynamited to death by the Joker in edition 428 of DC Comics’ Batman following a readers’ poll
  • 1990 – Ivana Trump files for divorce from Donald Trump
  • 2003 – Voyager I becomes the first man-made object to leave the solar system

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1650 – William III, Dutch born King of England
  • 1734 – Daniel Boone, famed American frontiersman and hunter
  • 1735 – John Adams, American statesman and second president who signed the Declaration of Independence
  • 1762 – Spencer Percival, British prime minister from 1809 who was assassinated in the House of Commons
  • 1801 – Vincenzo Bellini, Italian opera composer whose works include Norma and La Sonnambula
  • 1887 – L S Lowry, English painter of matchstick figures
  • 1892 – John Haldane, English physiologist and geneticist who pioneered research in population genetics and evolution
  • 1913 – Vivien Leigh, British actress best known for her role as Scarlett O’Hara in Gone with the Wind
  • 1913 – Burt Lancaster, American Hollywood actor and former circus acrobat
  • 1916 – Walter Cronkite, American award-winning journalist, television newsreader and commentator with CBS
  • 1921 – Charles Bronson, American film actor who appeared in such films as The Magnificent Seven and Death Wish
  • 1929 – Eddie Charlton, Australian sooker world champion
  • 1935 – Gary Player, South African champion golfer who has won all four of the world’s major golfing championships
  • 1940 – Elke Sommer, German screen actress, fluent in 7 languages
  • 1942 – Art Garfunkel, American singer with pop duet Simon and Garfunkel