This week in history

On this week in history (23rd to 29th October inclusive) as follows;

  • 1642 – Charles 1’s cavaliers Clash with Oliver Cromwell’s Roundheads at the Battle of Edgehill in the Cotswolds
  • 1839 – The world’s first railway timetable is published in Manchester
  • 1900 – The British annexe the mineral rich territory of the Transvaal, especially renowned for its gold reserves
  • 1901 – Mrs Ann Edison Taylor remains unhurt after going over Niagara Falls in a padded barrel to help pay the mortgage
  • 1915 – Death of legendary English cricketer W G Grace
  • 1927 – The tomb of Genghis Khan is discovered by Russian archaeologist Peter Kozlov
  • 1936 – Mrs Wallis Simpson is granted a divorce from her second husband
  • 1954 –Britain, the US, France and the USSR agree to end the occupation of Germany and allow West Germany to enter NATO
  • 1973 – President Nixon prepares to launch World War III after hearing that the Russians are sending arms to the war in the Middle East
  • 1976 – The Queen officially opens the National Theatre on London’s South Bank
  • 1977 – Yorkshire police announce that a multiple murderer is on the loose in Britain
  • 1986 – Jeffrey Archer resigns as Deputy Chairman of the British Conservative Party following allegations that he paid a prostitute to avoid a scandal breaking
  • 1986 – The deregulation of the money market brings about a ‘big bang’ in the City of London
  • 1987 –Former champion jockey Lester Piggott was jailed for 3 years for tax evasion
  • 1987 – Heavyweight boxing champion Frank Bruno knocks out Joe Bugner at white Hart stadium in London and wins £750,000

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1728 – Captain James Cook, English navigator whose voyages of discovery led him to Australia, New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands
  • 1879 – Leon Trotsky, Russian communist leader who, together with Lenin, organised the October Revolution
  • 1881 – Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter, sculptor, graphic artist, ceramicist and designer
  • 1882 – Dame Sybil Thorndyke, English stage actress
  • 1891 – Fanny Brice, American Broadway star whose life story was immortalised in the musical ‘Funny Girl’
  • 1897 – Joseph Goebbels – German Nazi propaganda chief who poisoned himself when the allies entered Berlin
  • 1914 – Dylan Thomas, British poet whose fist work ‘Under Milk Wood’ spoken in the welsh idiom began as a radio play before being staged and filmed
  • 1925 – Johnny Carson, American entertainer and chat show host
  • 1927 – Cleo Laine, British singer and actress of international repute
  • 1936 – Bill Wyman, British bass guitarist and founder member of The Rolling Stones
  • 1939 – John Cleese, British comedian and founder member of the Monty Python team
  • 1940 – Pele, Brazillian footballing legend, whose international career began at the Age of 16, and scorer of more than 1000 goals during his professional career
  • 1949 – Richard Dreyfuss, American Oscar winning film star
  • 1955 – Bill Gates, American businessman who founded the Microsoft corporation and who was the world’s richest man 1995 – 2007
  • 1967 – Julia Roberts, American film actress