Week in history (16th to 22nd October)

 

  • 1651 – Defeated by Oliver Cromwell at Worcester, Charles II of England flees to France
  • 1793 – Marie Antoinette is executed by guillotine
  • 1860 – The first company to manufacture internal combustion engines, designed by Barsanti and Metteuci, is formed in Florence
  • 1914 – German U-Boats raid Scapa Flow, the main base of the British Grand Fleet
  • 1943 – The UN War Crimes Commission is formed
  • 1949 – Britain recognises the Peoples Republic of China under Chairman Mao
  • 1956 – Britain’s first nuclear power station, Calder Hall, is opened by the Queen
  • 1962 – ANC leader Nelson Mandela goes on trial for treason in South Africa, pleading not guilty
  • 1968 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono are remanded on bail for possession of cannabis
  • 1978 – Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope, the first non-Italian since 1542
  • 1982 – It is announced in Northern Ireland that the De Lorean sports car plant at Dunmurry is to close with the loss of 1500 jobs
  • 1988 – Beethoven’s Tenth Symphony is performed for the first time in London
  • 1989 – The Convention in International Trade in Endangered Species votes in favour of a ban on international trade in ivory
  • 1995 – Famed race horse Red Rum dies and is buried at Aintree racecourse
  • 2000 – The oldest ever cave painting is discovered near Verona

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1632 – Sir Christopher Wren, English architect most famous for St Paul’s Cathedral in London
  • 1811 – Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer of romantic music
  • 1833 – Alfred Nobel, Swedish industrialist and chemist who invented dynamite and founded the Nobel Prize
  • 1844 – Sarah Bernhardt, hugely successful and popular French stage actress
  • 1854 – Oscar Wilde, Irish born writer and wit
  • 1917 – Dizzie Gillespie, American trumpet player and band leader
  • 1918 – Rita Hayworth, American film actress and dancer
  • 1926 – Chuck Berry, American rock ‘n’ roll pioneer
  • 1931 – John Le Carre, British novelist
  • 1939 – Evel Knievel, American stuntman specialising in motorcycle jumps
  • 1943 – Catherine Deneuve, French film actress
  • 1956 – Carrie Fisher, American screen actress and novelist
  • 1956 – Danny Boyle, English filmmaker who directed Trainspotting and won an Oscar for Slumdog Millionaire
  • 1956 – Martina Navratilova, Czech born American tennis champion
  • 1962 – Evander Holyfield, American world champion heavyweight boxer