This week in history

On this week in history (18th to 24th September inclusive) as follows;

  • 1519 – Ferdinand Megellan sets sail from Seville in Spain with a fleet of 5 small ships in an attempt to circumnavigate the world
  • 1857 – British forces retake Delhi from Indian mutineers
  • 1862 – President Abraham Lincoln issues his Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in the south
  • 1876 – American inventor Melville Bissell patents the carpet sweeper
  • 1905 – Death of Thomas Barnado, British doctor, philanthropist and founder of homes for destitute children
  • 1914 – The Irish Home Rule Bill is given Royal Assent
  • 1934 – Britain hears Lord Haw-Haw (Irishman William Joyce) make a Nazi propaganda broadcast
  • 1946 – The first Cannes Film festival opens
  • 1955 – Juan Peron is ousted by a military junta in Argentina
  • 1955 – 4 years after they fled to Russia, the British government admits that Donald Maclean and Guy Burgess really were Soviet spies
  • 1981 – Under President Mitterand, France abolishes the guillotine
  • 1981 – Simon and Garfunkel get back together after 11 years to play to an audience of 400,000 in New York’s Central Park
  • 1986 – The youngest heart and lungs transplant patient, a two and a half month old baby, is given new organs at the Harefield hospital in Middlesex
  • 1993 – Russian President Boris Yeltzin dissolves the Russian Parliament pending elections to a new legislative body
  • 2000 – Rower Steve Redgrave wins his fidth Olympic Gold Medal in the coxless 4’s during the Sydney Olympics

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 63BC – Gaius Octavius Caesar, the first Roman Emperor and adopted son and heir of Julius Caesar
  • 1791 – Michael Faraday, English physicist who invented the dynamo and formed many of the principles of electricity
  • 1819 – Armand Hyppolyte, French physicist who first measured the speed of light
  • 1866 – H G Wells, English author who pioneered the science fiction genre
  • 1874 – Gustav Holst, British composer and teacher
  • 1880 – Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragette and daughter of Emmeline who led the suffragette movement
  • 1931 – Larry Hagman, American actor and director
  • 1932 – Ray Charles, American singer
  • 1934 – Leonard Cohen, Canadian poet and singer
  • 1934 – Sophia Loren, Italian actress
  • 1940 – Zandra Rhodes, British fashion designer
  • 1943 – ‘Mama Cass’ Elliot, singer with The Mamas and the Papas
  • 1948 – Jeremy Irons, British stage and screen actor
  • 1949 – Bruce Springsteen, American singer – songwriter
  • 1949 – Twiggy (Lesley Hornby) British actress, singer and fashion model