Week in History

On this week in history (14th to 20th August inclusive) as follows;

  • 1796 – British physician Edward Jenner carries out the first successful vaccination against smallpox
  • 1895 – In the USA, income tax is declared unconstitutional
  • 1900 – The second modern Olympic Games open in Paris and this time women are allowed to compete
  • 1906 – The 12 mile Simplon Tunnel linking Italy and Switzerland through The Alps is officially opened
  • 1918 – The world’s first regular air mail service begins between Washington and New York
  • 1936 – Aviator Amy Johnson arrives in England after a record breaking flight from London to Cape Town and back
  • 1954 – The European Convention on Human Rights comes into effect
  • 1955 – The Eastern bloc signs the Warsaw Pact
  • 1957 – Britain’s first H-bomb is dropped on Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean
  • 1964 – Bob Dylan makes his first major London appearance at the Albert Hall
  • 1970 – The Beatles film Let It Be is premiered in London
  • 1988 – The USSR begins evacuating its troops from Afghanistan
  • 1989 – The first successful hole in the heart operation to be performed on an adult is carried out at Greenwich in London
  • 1993 – Rebecca Stephens is the first British woman to climb Mount Everest
  • 2007 – The new Wembley Stadium is officially opened in London

And some notable birthdays include;

  • 1848 – Dame Nellie Melba, Australian operatic singer of world renown
  • 1890 – Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnamese revolutionary leader
  • 1908 – James Stewart, American film actor
  • 1909 – James Mason, English stage and film actor
  • 1919 – Dame Margot Fonteyn, British ballerina famed for her partnership with Rudolph Nureyev
  • 1919 – Liberace, American pianist and kitsch entertainer
  • 1926 – Malcolm X, American Black Muslim leader
  • 1933 – Edward de Bono, British doctor who developed the concept of lateral thinking
  • 1945 – Cher, American singer and actress
  • 1945 – Pete Townsend, British guitarist with the pop group The Who
  • 1949 – Rick Wakeman, British pop musician
  • 1953 – Mike Oldfield, British composer and instrumentalist
  • 1955 – Grace Jones, Jamaican born model, pop singer and actress
  • 1955 – Olga Korbut, Soviet gymnast who won 2 gold medals and 1 silver at the 1972 Munich Olympics
  • 1956 – Sugar Ray Leonard, American boxer who won world championships at 3 different weights